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Original Research (Original Article) 


Synergistic Ameliorative Effects of Organic Chromium and Selenium Against Heat Stress in Japanese Quails: Performance, Immunological, Hematological, Biochemical And Antioxidant Studies

Doaa H. Abdelhady, Moshira A. El-Abasy, Mustafa S. Atta, Emad W. Ghazy, Tarek K. Abuzed, Amira M. El-Moslemany.

Abstract
This study conducted to clarify the effect of dietary supplementation of organic chromium (Cr), selenium (Se) and their combination on performance, immune responses, hematological and biochemical parameters as well as antioxidant capacity of Japanese quails (Coturnix japonica) under heat stress. A 90-day trial conducted using seventy-five, 10-day- old Japanese quails that randomly divided into 5 groups of 15 birds each. The 1st group received basal diet and was kept in a temperature controlled room at 24°C . The other four groups reared under natural summer months and kept in a room temperature ranged from (25.3°C to 36.7 °C).The 2ndgroup kept under heat stress condition and fed basal diet only. The third, fourth and fifth groups fed basal diet supplemented by chromium (1400 µg/kg of diet), selenium (0.3 mg/kg of diet) and their combination respectively. In heat-stressed quail group, the data of growth performance revealed a significantly (P<0.05) reduced body weight gain (BWG), total feed intake (TFI) and a significantly (P<0.05) increased feed conversion ratio (FCR). A significantly (P<0.05) reduced phagocytic activity (PA), phagocytic index (PI) and the antibody titer against Newcastle disease virus as well as high mortality rate. a macrocytic hypochromic anemia and stress picture of leukogram . A significant (P<0.05) reduction in total proteins, albumin and thyroid hormones concentrations together with a significantly (P<0.05) elevated activity of serum AST, LDH, raised total cholesterol, triglycerides and glucose concentrations. Moreover, a significant (P<0.05) increase for lipid peroxidation marker (MDA) and a significant (P<0.05) reduction of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and total anti-oxidant capacity (TAC). However, simultaneous dietary supplementation with organic Cr and/or Se alleviated heat stress adverse effects. It could be concluded that combined dietary supplementation of organic Cr and Se can be considered to be a protective management in a quail diet, reducing the negative effects of heat stress.

Key words: Quails, Heat stress, Organic selenium and chromium, Immune response, oxidative stress


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Abdelhady DH, El-Abasy MA, Atta MS, Ghazy EW, Abuzed TK, El-Moslemany AM. Synergistic Ameliorative Effects of Organic Chromium and Selenium Against Heat Stress in Japanese Quails: Performance, Immunological, Hematological, Biochemical And Antioxidant Studies. AJVS. 2017; 55(2): 113-123. doi:10.5455/ajvs.282703


Web Style

Abdelhady DH, El-Abasy MA, Atta MS, Ghazy EW, Abuzed TK, El-Moslemany AM. Synergistic Ameliorative Effects of Organic Chromium and Selenium Against Heat Stress in Japanese Quails: Performance, Immunological, Hematological, Biochemical And Antioxidant Studies. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=282703 [Access: April 24, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.282703


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abdelhady DH, El-Abasy MA, Atta MS, Ghazy EW, Abuzed TK, El-Moslemany AM. Synergistic Ameliorative Effects of Organic Chromium and Selenium Against Heat Stress in Japanese Quails: Performance, Immunological, Hematological, Biochemical And Antioxidant Studies. AJVS. 2017; 55(2): 113-123. doi:10.5455/ajvs.282703



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abdelhady DH, El-Abasy MA, Atta MS, Ghazy EW, Abuzed TK, El-Moslemany AM. Synergistic Ameliorative Effects of Organic Chromium and Selenium Against Heat Stress in Japanese Quails: Performance, Immunological, Hematological, Biochemical And Antioxidant Studies. AJVS. (2017), [cited April 24, 2018]; 55(2): 113-123. doi:10.5455/ajvs.282703



Harvard Style

Abdelhady, D. H., El-Abasy, M. A., Atta, M. S., Ghazy, E. W., Abuzed, T. K. & El-Moslemany, A. M. (2017) Synergistic Ameliorative Effects of Organic Chromium and Selenium Against Heat Stress in Japanese Quails: Performance, Immunological, Hematological, Biochemical And Antioxidant Studies. AJVS, 55 (2), 113-123. doi:10.5455/ajvs.282703



Turabian Style

Abdelhady, Doaa H., Moshira A. El-Abasy, Mustafa S. Atta, Emad W. Ghazy, Tarek K. Abuzed, and Amira M. El-Moslemany. 2017. Synergistic Ameliorative Effects of Organic Chromium and Selenium Against Heat Stress in Japanese Quails: Performance, Immunological, Hematological, Biochemical And Antioxidant Studies. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 55 (2), 113-123. doi:10.5455/ajvs.282703



Chicago Style

Abdelhady, Doaa H., Moshira A. El-Abasy, Mustafa S. Atta, Emad W. Ghazy, Tarek K. Abuzed, and Amira M. El-Moslemany. "Synergistic Ameliorative Effects of Organic Chromium and Selenium Against Heat Stress in Japanese Quails: Performance, Immunological, Hematological, Biochemical And Antioxidant Studies." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 55 (2017), 113-123. doi:10.5455/ajvs.282703



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abdelhady, Doaa H., Moshira A. El-Abasy, Mustafa S. Atta, Emad W. Ghazy, Tarek K. Abuzed, and Amira M. El-Moslemany. "Synergistic Ameliorative Effects of Organic Chromium and Selenium Against Heat Stress in Japanese Quails: Performance, Immunological, Hematological, Biochemical And Antioxidant Studies." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 55.2 (2017), 113-123. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.282703



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abdelhady, D. H., El-Abasy, M. A., Atta, M. S., Ghazy, E. W., Abuzed, T. K. & El-Moslemany, A. M. (2017) Synergistic Ameliorative Effects of Organic Chromium and Selenium Against Heat Stress in Japanese Quails: Performance, Immunological, Hematological, Biochemical And Antioxidant Studies. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 55 (2), 113-123. doi:10.5455/ajvs.282703





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