E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Acute and Sub-Chronic Toxicological Potential of Withania Somnifera Extract on Rats

Yehia A. Hussein, Saad S. Al-Shokair, Khaled M. Ashry.

Abstract
Withania somnifera (WS) has a wide range of therapeutic applications for several disorders. Toxicity studies on WS are very limited. The purpose of the present work is to study the acute and sub-chronic toxicity of WS extracts in rats and to determine the LD50 value, which helps in determining the safe dose range for the plant extract to be used with no harmful or lethal effects on the animal. Rats in the acute study were IP injected with the alcoholic extract of WS (the arial parts) at doses of (0), 150, 300, 600 and 1200 mg/kg bwt. In sub-chronic toxicity study, WS extract was administered IP at a dose of 10%, 20% and 40% of the obtained LD50 (52 mg/kg bwt, 104 mg/kg bwt and 208 mg/kg bwt respectively) for 60 days. Acute toxicity revealed an IP LD50 of 522 mg/kg wt. Significant changes in body weight, hematological, biochemical and histopathological were recorded in 20% and 40% LD50 groups with 15 – 40 % mortalities respectively, by the end of the experiments. Based on this study, WS showed toxicity at doses higher than 10% LD50 when given IP and it was recommended to use ≤ 10% LD50 (IP) doses of WS extracts, than the tested here to start within setup protection or treatment studies.

Key words: Keywords: Withania somnifera, lethal dose fifty, sub-chronic toxicity, albino rats.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Yehia A. Hussein
Articles by Saad S. Al-Shokair
Articles by Khaled M. Ashry
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 599
Downloaded: 190
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hussein YA, Al-Shokair SS, Ashry KM. Acute and Sub-Chronic Toxicological Potential of Withania Somnifera Extract on Rats. AJVS. 2017; 55(2): 10-18. doi:10.5455/ajvs.283793


Web Style

Hussein YA, Al-Shokair SS, Ashry KM. Acute and Sub-Chronic Toxicological Potential of Withania Somnifera Extract on Rats. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=283793 [Access: July 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.283793


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hussein YA, Al-Shokair SS, Ashry KM. Acute and Sub-Chronic Toxicological Potential of Withania Somnifera Extract on Rats. AJVS. 2017; 55(2): 10-18. doi:10.5455/ajvs.283793



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hussein YA, Al-Shokair SS, Ashry KM. Acute and Sub-Chronic Toxicological Potential of Withania Somnifera Extract on Rats. AJVS. (2017), [cited July 21, 2018]; 55(2): 10-18. doi:10.5455/ajvs.283793



Harvard Style

Hussein, Y. A., Al-Shokair, S. S. & Ashry, K. M. (2017) Acute and Sub-Chronic Toxicological Potential of Withania Somnifera Extract on Rats. AJVS, 55 (2), 10-18. doi:10.5455/ajvs.283793



Turabian Style

Hussein, Yehia A., Saad S. Al-Shokair, and Khaled M. Ashry. 2017. Acute and Sub-Chronic Toxicological Potential of Withania Somnifera Extract on Rats. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 55 (2), 10-18. doi:10.5455/ajvs.283793



Chicago Style

Hussein, Yehia A., Saad S. Al-Shokair, and Khaled M. Ashry. "Acute and Sub-Chronic Toxicological Potential of Withania Somnifera Extract on Rats." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 55 (2017), 10-18. doi:10.5455/ajvs.283793



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hussein, Yehia A., Saad S. Al-Shokair, and Khaled M. Ashry. "Acute and Sub-Chronic Toxicological Potential of Withania Somnifera Extract on Rats." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 55.2 (2017), 10-18. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.283793



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hussein, Y. A., Al-Shokair, S. S. & Ashry, K. M. (2017) Acute and Sub-Chronic Toxicological Potential of Withania Somnifera Extract on Rats. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 55 (2), 10-18. doi:10.5455/ajvs.283793





Most Viewed Articles
  • Assessment of The Efficiency of Some Chemical Disinfectants Used in poultry Farms Against Coccidiosis
    Hamed Abdel tawab Samaha, Yasser Nasr Haggag, Mohammed Al sayed Nossair, Heba Mohammed Habib
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 82-90
    » Abstract & References

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Influence of Combined Administration of Turmeric and Black seed on Selected Biochemical Parameters of Diabetic Rats
    Sabry M. El-Bahr, Nabil M. Taha, Mahdy A. Korshom, Abd EL-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 19-27
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.154650

  • Surgical and Histological Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Propolis on Wound Healing
    Ramadan El Sayed Abd Elwahed, Mahmoud Hussein El Kammar, Islam Reda Edrees
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 52-63
    » Abstract & References

  • Molecular Characterization of Listeria Species Isolated from Frozen Fish
    Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Ayman M. Kamar, Samya M. El-Houshy
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 1-15
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.45443

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Effect of Lead Toxicity on Mineral Metabolism and Immunological Factors in Rats
    Nabil M Taha, Mahdy S. Korshom, abd El-Wahab M Mandour, Mohamed A Lebdah, Eman S aladham
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 64-73
    » Abstract & References

  • Antigenic Variations of Infectious Bronchitis Virus from Broiler flocks in Al Behera Governorate
    Sarah E. AlBeltagi, Helmy A. Torky, Mahmoud E. Seddeek
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 44-51
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.46652

  • Improving Production Traits for El-salam and Mandarah Chicken Strains by Crossing I- Estimation of Crossbreeding Effects for Growth Production Traits
    Ayman El-Sayed Taha, Fawzy Ali Abd El-Ghany
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 18-30
    » Abstract & References

  • Most Downloaded
  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Molecular Characterization of Listeria Species Isolated from Frozen Fish
    Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Ayman M. Kamar, Samya M. El-Houshy
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 1-15
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.45443

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307

  • Antigenic Variations of Infectious Bronchitis Virus from Broiler flocks in Al Behera Governorate
    Sarah E. AlBeltagi, Helmy A. Torky, Mahmoud E. Seddeek
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 44-51
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.46652

  • Assessment of The Efficiency of Some Chemical Disinfectants Used in poultry Farms Against Coccidiosis
    Hamed Abdel tawab Samaha, Yasser Nasr Haggag, Mohammed Al sayed Nossair, Heba Mohammed Habib
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 82-90
    » Abstract & References

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Effect of Lead Toxicity on Mineral Metabolism and Immunological Factors in Rats
    Nabil M Taha, Mahdy S. Korshom, abd El-Wahab M Mandour, Mohamed A Lebdah, Eman S aladham
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 64-73
    » Abstract & References

  • Aerobic Bacteria Associated with Omphalitis of Chicks [English]
    Khalil, S. A. and Einas, El-Shamy
    AJVS. 2012; 37(1): 69-77
    » Abstract

  • Surgical and Histological Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Propolis on Wound Healing
    Ramadan El Sayed Abd Elwahed, Mahmoud Hussein El Kammar, Islam Reda Edrees
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 52-63
    » Abstract & References

  • Influence of Combined Administration of Turmeric and Black seed on Selected Biochemical Parameters of Diabetic Rats
    Sabry M. El-Bahr, Nabil M. Taha, Mahdy A. Korshom, Abd EL-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 19-27
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.154650

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Antifibrotic Effect of Curcumin on Thioacetamide Induced Liver Fibrosis
    Suzan E. Abdou, Nabil M. Taha, Abd El-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda, Hanaa R. El Hofi, Amany MSE El-Morshedy
    AJVS. 2015; 45(1): 43-50
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.179458
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Adverse Effects of Ivermectin in comparison with Rafoxanide on Male Rats
    Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy and Soaad A. Seed
    AJVS. 2015; 47(1): 119-128
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.198997
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Enumeration and Characterization of Aeromonas spp. Isolated from Milk and Some Dairy Products in Sharkia Governorate, Egypt
    Nagwa I. ElBalat, Salah F. Abd-ElAal, Madeha A. Ayoub, Magdy S. Elsayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 52-64
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.49073
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Comparison of Lidocaine and Lidocaine–Neostigmine for Epidural Analgesia in Water Buffalo Calves (Bubalus Bubalis)
    Alaa Ghazy, Ayman Atiba, Mustafa Shukry, Tarek Kamal
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 177-181
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.198171
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The Growth Promoting Effect of Beta-glucan in Comparison with Sodium Butyrate in Broiler Chicks
    Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy, Hawary S. Ibrahiem and El-Sadeq Bo-Ghazel
    AJVS. 2015; 44(1): 23-37
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.163992
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Association of Hsp70 Gene Polymorphism And Bull Semen Quality In Winter And Summer Seasons
    Jehan A. Gafer, Ghada H. Abd El-Rahman, Rawash Z. M.
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 1-14
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.186038
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Enterobacteriaceae In Beef Products (Luncheon, Pasterma, Frankfurter and Minced meat) from Alexandria Retail Outlets
    Noha M. El-Gendy, Hossam A. Ibrahim, Nahla A. Al-Shabasy, and Ibrahim A. Samaha
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 80-86
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.151171
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Detection of Molecular Characterization of Salmonella enterica isolated from Chicken Meat and Its Products by Using Multiplex PCR
    Heba S. Amin and Abd El-Rahman A. Abd El-Rahman
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 155-160
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.196302
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Assessment of Freezability and Functional Integrity of Dromedary Camel Spermatozoa Harvested from Caput, Corpus and Cauda Epididymides
    El-Badry, D.A., Scholkamy, T.H., Abeer M. Anwer and Karima Gh.M. Mahmoud
    AJVS. 2015; 44(1): 147-158
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.178345
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]