E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Article 


Seroepidemiology of Avian Iinfluenza Viruses H5 and H9 in Beheira Governorate

Hamed A.Samaha, Madiha S. Ibrahim, Mousa Ayoub, Sabah I. Shaaban.

Cited by (3)

Abstract
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 virus remains a public health threat and continues to cause outbreaks among poultry as well as human. Since its appearance, the virus has spread to numerous geographic areas and is now considered endemic in Egypt. Also widespread prevalence of H9N2 subtype in the Middle East region and its detection in Egypt in summer 2011 in poultry added another challenge to the Egyptian poultry industry as well as human health. Here, to evaluate the potential for avian to human transmission of avian influenza viruses H5 and H9, a serological study was conducted among 60 poultry workers and housewives and 143 participants randomly selected from Respiratory Diseases Hospital (RDH) in Damanhour city in Behira governorate for determination of antibody titers against H5 and H9 avian influenza viruses by using hemagglutination inhibition assay. Further, participants were interviewed with a standardized questionnaire to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding avian influenza infection. In addition, tissue samples from in contact poultry were assayed for virus detection using real time RT-PCR.
Our results showed some evidence of exposure to H5N1 avian influenza virus with 3 (5%) poultry workers and 3 (2.1%) RDH subjects having HI antibody titer of 1:160. All sera of poultry workers and housewives tested negative for H9. Only three poultry samples were positive for H5N1 virus. The level of community knowledge about AI disease was fair, but their practice and attitude were negative. Therefore, designing and implementing health educational programs about AI to improve the community practices should have the priority. Our findings support the low transmissibility of H5N1 to humans, but transmission to highly exposed persons cannot be excluded given that HI antibody titers of 1:80 and 1:40 were detected in some individuals. Prevalence of H9 antibodies was low, however, requires additional studies.

Key words: H5N1, Serology, HI, H9, Egypt


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

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1
 
Incidence and Seroprevalence of Avian Influenza in a Cohort of Backyard Poultry Growers, Egypt, August 2015–March 2019
Emerg. Infect. Dis. 2020; 26(9): 2129.

2
 
The Multifaceted Zoonotic Risk of H9N2 Avian Influenza
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3
 
How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hamed A.Samaha, Madiha S. Ibrahim, Mousa Ayoub, Sabah I. Shaaban. Seroepidemiology of Avian Iinfluenza Viruses H5 and H9 in Beheira Governorate. AJVS. 2015; 44(1): 86-92. doi:10.5455/ajvs.161061


Web Style

Hamed A.Samaha, Madiha S. Ibrahim, Mousa Ayoub, Sabah I. Shaaban. Seroepidemiology of Avian Iinfluenza Viruses H5 and H9 in Beheira Governorate. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=161061 [Access: November 18, 2021]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.161061


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hamed A.Samaha, Madiha S. Ibrahim, Mousa Ayoub, Sabah I. Shaaban. Seroepidemiology of Avian Iinfluenza Viruses H5 and H9 in Beheira Governorate. AJVS. 2015; 44(1): 86-92. doi:10.5455/ajvs.161061



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hamed A.Samaha, Madiha S. Ibrahim, Mousa Ayoub, Sabah I. Shaaban. Seroepidemiology of Avian Iinfluenza Viruses H5 and H9 in Beheira Governorate. AJVS. (2015), [cited November 18, 2021]; 44(1): 86-92. doi:10.5455/ajvs.161061



Harvard Style

Hamed A.Samaha, Madiha S. Ibrahim, Mousa Ayoub, Sabah I. Shaaban (2015) Seroepidemiology of Avian Iinfluenza Viruses H5 and H9 in Beheira Governorate. AJVS, 44 (1), 86-92. doi:10.5455/ajvs.161061



Turabian Style

Hamed A.Samaha, Madiha S. Ibrahim, Mousa Ayoub, Sabah I. Shaaban. 2015. Seroepidemiology of Avian Iinfluenza Viruses H5 and H9 in Beheira Governorate. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 44 (1), 86-92. doi:10.5455/ajvs.161061



Chicago Style

Hamed A.Samaha, Madiha S. Ibrahim, Mousa Ayoub, Sabah I. Shaaban. "Seroepidemiology of Avian Iinfluenza Viruses H5 and H9 in Beheira Governorate." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 44 (2015), 86-92. doi:10.5455/ajvs.161061



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hamed A.Samaha, Madiha S. Ibrahim, Mousa Ayoub, Sabah I. Shaaban. "Seroepidemiology of Avian Iinfluenza Viruses H5 and H9 in Beheira Governorate." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 44.1 (2015), 86-92. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.161061



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hamed A.Samaha, Madiha S. Ibrahim, Mousa Ayoub, Sabah I. Shaaban (2015) Seroepidemiology of Avian Iinfluenza Viruses H5 and H9 in Beheira Governorate. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 44 (1), 86-92. doi:10.5455/ajvs.161061





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