E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Article 


Educational Strategies for Training Bone Marrow Aspiration from the Sternum in Dogs to Undergraduate Students

Hoda Elkhenany, Nermeen Eldebany, Samir Nouh, Mostafa Gamal, Eman S. Ali1, Maria George, Irini Monir, Ramadan Abdel-Wahed, Mahmoud El-Kammar, Ahmed Korittum, Howaida Abu-Ahmed, Mostafa Kassem, Asmaa Elsayed, Mostafa Mohamed, Samy Khalil.

Abstract
Advanced diagnostic technologies such as ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) could not provide any information about the sternebrae cortex thickness and medullary cavity dimensions. Herein, we aim to provide relevant anatomy of the sternum and more sophisticated measurements to ensure safe needle insertion during bone marrow aspiration in dogs.
This study revealed that the space between skin and cortex measures an average of 0.8 cm, which increases towards the xiphoid, as shown by ultrasound. Meanwhile, the sagittal section of the sternum showed that the cortex measured as thin as one millimeter. The medullary space of sternebrae 2nd – 7th was 1.5 cm2, while the manubrium measured 3.8 cm2.
In conclusion, knowing the exact sternebrae dimensions helped the students to master the bone marrow aspiration technique and become sensitive to needle advancement once it reaches the cortex.

Key words: Bone marrow aspiration, sternum, Ultrasound guide, gross anatomy


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Elkhenany H, Eldebany N, Nouh S, Gamal M, Ali ES, George M, Monir I, Abdel-Wahed R, El-Kammar M, Korittum A, Abu-Ahmed H, Kassem M, Elsayed A, Mohamed M, Khalil S. Educational Strategies for Training Bone Marrow Aspiration from the Sternum in Dogs to Undergraduate Students. AJVS. 2022; 73(1): 97-100. doi:10.5455/ajvs.105079


Web Style

Elkhenany H, Eldebany N, Nouh S, Gamal M, Ali ES, George M, Monir I, Abdel-Wahed R, El-Kammar M, Korittum A, Abu-Ahmed H, Kassem M, Elsayed A, Mohamed M, Khalil S. Educational Strategies for Training Bone Marrow Aspiration from the Sternum in Dogs to Undergraduate Students. https://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=105079 [Access: June 23, 2022]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.105079


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Elkhenany H, Eldebany N, Nouh S, Gamal M, Ali ES, George M, Monir I, Abdel-Wahed R, El-Kammar M, Korittum A, Abu-Ahmed H, Kassem M, Elsayed A, Mohamed M, Khalil S. Educational Strategies for Training Bone Marrow Aspiration from the Sternum in Dogs to Undergraduate Students. AJVS. 2022; 73(1): 97-100. doi:10.5455/ajvs.105079



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Elkhenany H, Eldebany N, Nouh S, Gamal M, Ali ES, George M, Monir I, Abdel-Wahed R, El-Kammar M, Korittum A, Abu-Ahmed H, Kassem M, Elsayed A, Mohamed M, Khalil S. Educational Strategies for Training Bone Marrow Aspiration from the Sternum in Dogs to Undergraduate Students. AJVS. (2022), [cited June 23, 2022]; 73(1): 97-100. doi:10.5455/ajvs.105079



Harvard Style

Elkhenany, H., Eldebany, . N., Nouh, . S., Gamal, . M., Ali, . E. S., George, . M., Monir, . I., Abdel-Wahed, . R., El-Kammar, . M., Korittum, . A., Abu-Ahmed, . H., Kassem, . M., Elsayed, . A., Mohamed, . M. & Khalil, . S. (2022) Educational Strategies for Training Bone Marrow Aspiration from the Sternum in Dogs to Undergraduate Students. AJVS, 73 (1), 97-100. doi:10.5455/ajvs.105079



Turabian Style

Elkhenany, Hoda, Nermeen Eldebany, Samir Nouh, Mostafa Gamal, Eman S. Ali, Maria George, Irini Monir, Ramadan Abdel-Wahed, Mahmoud El-Kammar, Ahmed Korittum, Howaida Abu-Ahmed, Mostafa Kassem, Asmaa Elsayed, Mostafa Mohamed, and Samy Khalil. 2022. Educational Strategies for Training Bone Marrow Aspiration from the Sternum in Dogs to Undergraduate Students. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 73 (1), 97-100. doi:10.5455/ajvs.105079



Chicago Style

Elkhenany, Hoda, Nermeen Eldebany, Samir Nouh, Mostafa Gamal, Eman S. Ali, Maria George, Irini Monir, Ramadan Abdel-Wahed, Mahmoud El-Kammar, Ahmed Korittum, Howaida Abu-Ahmed, Mostafa Kassem, Asmaa Elsayed, Mostafa Mohamed, and Samy Khalil. "Educational Strategies for Training Bone Marrow Aspiration from the Sternum in Dogs to Undergraduate Students." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 73 (2022), 97-100. doi:10.5455/ajvs.105079



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Elkhenany, Hoda, Nermeen Eldebany, Samir Nouh, Mostafa Gamal, Eman S. Ali, Maria George, Irini Monir, Ramadan Abdel-Wahed, Mahmoud El-Kammar, Ahmed Korittum, Howaida Abu-Ahmed, Mostafa Kassem, Asmaa Elsayed, Mostafa Mohamed, and Samy Khalil. "Educational Strategies for Training Bone Marrow Aspiration from the Sternum in Dogs to Undergraduate Students." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 73.1 (2022), 97-100. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.105079



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Elkhenany, H., Eldebany, . N., Nouh, . S., Gamal, . M., Ali, . E. S., George, . M., Monir, . I., Abdel-Wahed, . R., El-Kammar, . M., Korittum, . A., Abu-Ahmed, . H., Kassem, . M., Elsayed, . A., Mohamed, . M. & Khalil, . S. (2022) Educational Strategies for Training Bone Marrow Aspiration from the Sternum in Dogs to Undergraduate Students. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 73 (1), 97-100. doi:10.5455/ajvs.105079





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