E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Microbiological Evaluation of Chicken Carcasses Retailed in Al-Boheira Province with Detection of Some Enteropathogens

Azza K. Moustafa, Hossam A. Ibrahim, AbouYousef H.M..

Abstract
A total of 100 freshly slaughtered chicken carcasses samples were randomly collected from different private retail outlets in Al-Boheira Province during the period extended from March to September 2018 including; thigh and breast (50 samples of each). Samples were subjected to microbiological evaluation via making of aerobic plate count (APC), Enterobacteriaceae count (EC), Coliforms count (CC) as well as molds and yeasts counts. In addition, isolation of some enteropathogens including; Escherichia coli, Salmonella and Shigella was attempted.
It was recorded that APC ranged from 5103 to 6.8105, with a mean value 2.31052.8105cfu/g in samples collected from breast, while in samples of the thigh it ranged from 4.9104 to 1.8106, with a mean value 6.91057.1105 cfu/g.
Concerning EC, it was found that EC ranged from 6102to 1.8103, with a mean value 1.31033.8102 cfu/g in samples of breast, while in the thigh samples, it ranged from 1.8103 to 2.5103, with a mean value 21031.7103cfu/g.
Also, it was recorded that CC of the examined samples ranged from 6102to 1.6103, with a mean value 1.11033.4102cfu/g in breast samples, while in thigh samples, it ranged from 1.6103to 2.3103, with a mean value1.81031.8102cfu/g.
The trail of isolation of some enteropathogens revealed the isolation of Salmonellae from thigh and breast samples at the rate of 22 and 18%, respectively.
E. coli isolated from both types of samples breast and thigh were at percentage of 40%and48% in breast and thigh, respectively.
Furthermore, Shigella spp. was isolated from chicken carcasses breast and thigh samples at percentage of 30% and 42%, respectively.
Also, it was found that yeast count ranged from 3.1102 to 5.4103, with a mean value 2.21032.1103cfu/g in breast samples of fresh chicken carcasses, while in samples from thigh ranged from 3.8102 to 5.7103, with a mean value 2.3103 2.2103 cfu/g.
Also, it was found that mould count ranged from 1.1102 to 1.3102, with a mean value 7.31029.5102cfu/g in breast samples of fresh chicken carcasses, while in samples from thigh ranged from 1.3102 to 2.4103, with a mean value 11039.6102cfu/g
According to the recorded results in the current study, it was clear that increased bacterial counts with occurrence of pathogenic bacteria in the examined samples that exceed the Egyptian standards especially thigh samples reflected the poor hygienic conditions that accompanied the traditional slaughtering process reducing the quality of chicken meat sold under such conditions that should alarm the danger bells to prevent selling of freshly slaughtered chicken carcasses and give the chance for chilled and frozen chicken carcasse.

Key words: Chicken carcass, enteropathogens, microbiological evaluation.


 
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Pubmed Style

Moustafa AK, Ibrahim HA, H.M. A. Microbiological Evaluation of Chicken Carcasses Retailed in Al-Boheira Province with Detection of Some Enteropathogens. AJVS. 2019; 61(2): 69-76. doi:10.5455/ajvs.13564


Web Style

Moustafa AK, Ibrahim HA, H.M. A. Microbiological Evaluation of Chicken Carcasses Retailed in Al-Boheira Province with Detection of Some Enteropathogens. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=13564 [Access: November 19, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.13564


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Moustafa AK, Ibrahim HA, H.M. A. Microbiological Evaluation of Chicken Carcasses Retailed in Al-Boheira Province with Detection of Some Enteropathogens. AJVS. 2019; 61(2): 69-76. doi:10.5455/ajvs.13564



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Moustafa AK, Ibrahim HA, H.M. A. Microbiological Evaluation of Chicken Carcasses Retailed in Al-Boheira Province with Detection of Some Enteropathogens. AJVS. (2019), [cited November 19, 2019]; 61(2): 69-76. doi:10.5455/ajvs.13564



Harvard Style

Moustafa, A. K., Ibrahim, . H. A. & H.M., . A. (2019) Microbiological Evaluation of Chicken Carcasses Retailed in Al-Boheira Province with Detection of Some Enteropathogens. AJVS, 61 (2), 69-76. doi:10.5455/ajvs.13564



Turabian Style

Moustafa, Azza K., Hossam A. Ibrahim, and AbouYousef H.M.. 2019. Microbiological Evaluation of Chicken Carcasses Retailed in Al-Boheira Province with Detection of Some Enteropathogens. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 61 (2), 69-76. doi:10.5455/ajvs.13564



Chicago Style

Moustafa, Azza K., Hossam A. Ibrahim, and AbouYousef H.M.. "Microbiological Evaluation of Chicken Carcasses Retailed in Al-Boheira Province with Detection of Some Enteropathogens." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 61 (2019), 69-76. doi:10.5455/ajvs.13564



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Moustafa, Azza K., Hossam A. Ibrahim, and AbouYousef H.M.. "Microbiological Evaluation of Chicken Carcasses Retailed in Al-Boheira Province with Detection of Some Enteropathogens." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 61.2 (2019), 69-76. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.13564



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Moustafa, A. K., Ibrahim, . H. A. & H.M., . A. (2019) Microbiological Evaluation of Chicken Carcasses Retailed in Al-Boheira Province with Detection of Some Enteropathogens. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 61 (2), 69-76. doi:10.5455/ajvs.13564





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