E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Pathological Study on Female Reproductive Affections in Dogs and Cats at Alexandria Province, Egypt

Maggie F.Tawfik, Samah S. Oda, Mahmoud S. El-Neweshy, El-Sayed M. El-Manakhly.

Abstract
Reproductive lesions are commonly seen in small animal practice. This study aimed to assess the reproductive disorders in bitches and queens. During the period from March 2013 to March 2015, 7 bitches and 28 queens of different breeds and ages (7 months up to 13 years) were collected from Alexandria Veterinary Medicine Directorate and Alifa Vet. Clinic, Alexandria, Egypt. They were examined clinically and by ultrasonography then ovariohysterectomy was performed for affected cases. Tissue specimens from uteri (n=35) and ovaries (n=20) were collected for both gross and histopathological examination. Results revealed that the most commonly recorded pathological conditions in the examined uteri were chronic endometritis (cats 67.85%, dogs 50% ) followed by uterine neoplasms (cats 10.71%, dogs 37.5%), acute endometritis (cats 14.28%, dogs 12.5%) and disturbance in circulation (cats 7.14%). Cystic Ovaries was the most prevalent pathological conditions among the recorded ovarian lesions (cats 35.29%, dogs 50%) represented mainly by follicular cysts (cats 35.29%, dogs 16.66%), cystic corpus luteum (dogs 16.66%) and cystic rete ovarii (dogs 16.66%) followed by ovarian neoplasms (cats 35.29%) represented mainly by papillary cystadenoma (29.41%) and Granulosa theca cell tumor (5.88%) followed by persistent corpus luteum (cats 11.76%, dogs 50%), circulatory disturbance (cats 11.76%) and oophoritis (5.88%). In conclusion, the female reproductive disorders were significantly recorded in cats than in dogs. The uterine lesions were the most frequent estimated affections, than while the ovarian lesions were found the second. Mostly, animals with uterine lesions were associated with ovarian lesions particularly, cystic ovaries.

Key words: Key words: Uterus, Ovary, Dogs, Cats, Histopathology, Egypt.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Maggie F.Tawfik
Articles by Samah S. Oda
Articles by Mahmoud S. El-Neweshy
Articles by El-Sayed M. El-Manakhly
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 4219
Downloaded: 868


REFERENCES
Bancroft, J.D., Gamble, M. 2013. Theory and practice of histological techniques. 7th ed. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, London, Melbourne and New York; 2013, p. 252.
Chambers, B.A., Laksito, M.A., Long, F., Yates, G.D. 2011. Unilateral uterine torsion secondary to an inflammatory endometrial polyp in the bitch. Aust. Vet. J. 89: 380-384. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
De-Bosschere, H., Ducatelle, R., Vermeirsch, H., Van-Den, Broeck, W., Coryn, M. 2001. Cystic endometrial hyperplasia-pyometra complex in the bitch: Should the two entities disconnected? Theriogenology. 55: 1509-1519. [DOI via Crossref]   
Feldman, E. C. The cystic endometrial hyperplasia/ pyometra complex and infertility in female dogs. In: Ettinger SJ, Feldman EC, ediators. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine: Diseases of the Dog and Cat. 5th ed. WB Saunders Company, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; 2000, p.1549-1555.
Fontbonne. 2011. Infertility in bitches and queens: recent advances. Rev. Bras. Reprod. Anim. Belo Horizonte. 35:202-209.
Gumber, S., Springer, N., Wakamatsu, N. 2010. Uterine endometrial polyp with severe hemorrhage and cystic endometrial hyperplasia-pyometra complex in a dog. J. Vet. Diagn. Invest. 22: 455-458. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
Helen MA. 2001 The female reproductive system. In: Mcgavin MD, Carlton W, Zachary JF, ediators. Thomson’sSpecial Veterinary Pathology. 3rd ed. Mosby; 2001, p. 605-610.
Joanna, M., Jane, D. Genital Tract. 2001. In: Small animal oncology;, p.169-170. [Pubmed]   
Johnston SD, Kustritz MV, Olson PN. Canine and Feline Theriogenology. 1st ed. WB Saunders Company, Philadelphia; 2001.
Kennedy, P.C., Cullen, J.M., Edwards, J.F., Goldschmitd, M.H., Larsen, S. 1998. Histological Classification of Tumors of the Genital System of Domestic Animals. Second Series Vol. IV, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology and World Health Organization, Washington DC. p. 34-35.
Lein HD. Infertility and reproductive diseases in bitches and queens. In: Roberts SJ, ediators. Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Diseases (Theriogenology), Woodstock; 1986, p. 740-741. [Pubmed]   
Rama R. The reproductive system. In: Ganti AS, ediators. Veterinary pathology. 7th ed, College of veterinary science, Tirupati; 2011, p.434-435.
Schlafer, D.H., Gifford, A.T. 2008. Cystic endometrial hyperplasia, pseudo-placentational endometrial hyperplasia and other cystic conditions of the canine and feline uterus. Theriogenology. 70: 349-358. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
Smith, F.O. 2006. Canine pyometra. Theriogenology. 66: 610-612. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
Sugiura, K., Nishikawa, M., Ishiguro, K., Tajima, T., Inaba, M., Torii, R., Hatoya, S., Wijewardana, V., Kumagai, D., Tamada, H., Sawada, T., Ikehara, S., Inaba, T. 2004. Effect of ovarian hormones on periodical changes in immune resistance associated with estrous cycle in the beagle bitch. Immunobiology. 209: 619-927. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
Wright P, Watts JR. The infertile female. In: BSAVA Manual of Small Animal Reproduction and Neonatalogy, England and Harvey: B

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Maggie F.Tawfik, Samah S. Oda, Mahmoud S. El-Neweshy, El-Sayed M. El-Manakhly. Pathological Study on Female Reproductive Affections in Dogs and Cats at Alexandria Province, Egypt. AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 74-82. doi:10.5455/ajvs.187841


Web Style

Maggie F.Tawfik, Samah S. Oda, Mahmoud S. El-Neweshy, El-Sayed M. El-Manakhly. Pathological Study on Female Reproductive Affections in Dogs and Cats at Alexandria Province, Egypt. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=187841 [Access: February 09, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.187841


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Maggie F.Tawfik, Samah S. Oda, Mahmoud S. El-Neweshy, El-Sayed M. El-Manakhly. Pathological Study on Female Reproductive Affections in Dogs and Cats at Alexandria Province, Egypt. AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 74-82. doi:10.5455/ajvs.187841



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Maggie F.Tawfik, Samah S. Oda, Mahmoud S. El-Neweshy, El-Sayed M. El-Manakhly. Pathological Study on Female Reproductive Affections in Dogs and Cats at Alexandria Province, Egypt. AJVS. (2015), [cited February 09, 2020]; 46(1): 74-82. doi:10.5455/ajvs.187841



Harvard Style

Maggie F.Tawfik, Samah S. Oda, Mahmoud S. El-Neweshy, El-Sayed M. El-Manakhly (2015) Pathological Study on Female Reproductive Affections in Dogs and Cats at Alexandria Province, Egypt. AJVS, 46 (1), 74-82. doi:10.5455/ajvs.187841



Turabian Style

Maggie F.Tawfik, Samah S. Oda, Mahmoud S. El-Neweshy, El-Sayed M. El-Manakhly. 2015. Pathological Study on Female Reproductive Affections in Dogs and Cats at Alexandria Province, Egypt. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 46 (1), 74-82. doi:10.5455/ajvs.187841



Chicago Style

Maggie F.Tawfik, Samah S. Oda, Mahmoud S. El-Neweshy, El-Sayed M. El-Manakhly. "Pathological Study on Female Reproductive Affections in Dogs and Cats at Alexandria Province, Egypt." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 46 (2015), 74-82. doi:10.5455/ajvs.187841



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Maggie F.Tawfik, Samah S. Oda, Mahmoud S. El-Neweshy, El-Sayed M. El-Manakhly. "Pathological Study on Female Reproductive Affections in Dogs and Cats at Alexandria Province, Egypt." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 46.1 (2015), 74-82. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.187841



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Maggie F.Tawfik, Samah S. Oda, Mahmoud S. El-Neweshy, El-Sayed M. El-Manakhly (2015) Pathological Study on Female Reproductive Affections in Dogs and Cats at Alexandria Province, Egypt. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 46 (1), 74-82. doi:10.5455/ajvs.187841





Most Viewed Articles
  • Assessment of The Efficiency of Some Chemical Disinfectants Used in poultry Farms Against Coccidiosis
    Hamed Abdel tawab Samaha, Yasser Nasr Haggag, Mohammed Al sayed Nossair, Heba Mohammed Habib
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 82-90
    » Abstract & References

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Influence of Combined Administration of Turmeric and Black seed on Selected Biochemical Parameters of Diabetic Rats
    Sabry M. El-Bahr, Nabil M. Taha, Mahdy A. Korshom, Abd EL-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 19-27
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.154650

  • Molecular Characterization of Listeria Species Isolated from Frozen Fish
    Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Ayman M. Kamar, Samya M. El-Houshy
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 1-15
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.45443

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Most Downloaded
  • Comparative Study of Cellular and Humoral Immune Response to BHV-1 Vaccines in Cattle and Buffalo Calves
    Fayrouz S. Naim; Samy A. Khalil and Helmy A. Torky
    AJVS. 2016; 51(2): 367-373
    » Abstract

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Using of Polypropylene Mesh for Hernioplasty in Calves
    Mostafa M. kassam, Mahmoud H. Elkammer, Ahmed S. Korittum, Ali A. Abdel-Wahed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 112-117
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47290

  • Influence of Combined Administration of Turmeric and Black seed on Selected Biochemical Parameters of Diabetic Rats
    Sabry M. El-Bahr, Nabil M. Taha, Mahdy A. Korshom, Abd EL-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 19-27
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.154650

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Detection of Molecular Characterization of Salmonella enterica isolated from Chicken Meat and Its Products by Using Multiplex PCR
    Heba S. Amin and Abd El-Rahman A. Abd El-Rahman
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 155-160
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.196302
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Antifibrotic Effect of Curcumin on Thioacetamide Induced Liver Fibrosis
    Suzan E. Abdou, Nabil M. Taha, Abd El-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda, Hanaa R. El Hofi, Amany MSE El-Morshedy
    AJVS. 2015; 45(1): 43-50
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.179458
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Adverse Effects of Ivermectin in comparison with Rafoxanide on Male Rats
    Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy and Soaad A. Seed
    AJVS. 2015; 47(1): 119-128
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.198997
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]