E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Prevalence of Feline Panleukopenia Virus in Pet and Stray Cats and Associated Risk Factors in Maiduguri, Nigeria

Yachilla M. Bukar-Kolo, Elizabeth Buba, Ikechukwu O. Igbokwe, Godwin O. Egwu.

Abstract
Feline Panleukopenia Virus (FPV) is a leading cause of death in unvaccinated and susceptible cat populations. The present study aims to determine the prevalence of FPV and associated risk factors in pet and stray cats in Maiduguri, Northeastern Nigeria. A cross sectional survey was conducted involving two hundred cats sampled randomly. Commercial test Kit FASTest® PARVO Strip® was used for the detection of FPV in the faeces of the pet and stray cats. The prevalence in pet and stray cats were 4.0% (CI =0.0204, 0.0769) and 9.5% (CI = 0.0617, 0.1436) respectively. All the apparently healthy cats did not test positive for FPV. However, the prevalence of FPV in the sick cats was 13.5% (CI = 0.0945, 0.1893). The male and female cats had prevalence of 7.0% (CI = 0.0422, 0.1141) and 6.5% (CI = 0.0384, 0.1080) respectively. Feline Panleukopenia Virus was found to be more prevalent in cats that were less than 6 months with 10% (CI = 0.0657, 0.1494) and 3.5% (CI = 0.0171, 0.0705) in cats greater than 6 months old. A strong and significant association was found (χ2 = 103.565; P < 0.0001) between age groups and the status of infection. There was a strong and significant association (χ2 = 217.768; P < 0.0001) between gender and the type of management system of these cats. The present study has demonstrated for the first time the presence of FPV in pet and stray cats in Maiduguri, Nigeria.

Key words: Feline, Panleukopenia, Prevalence, Risk factors, Maiduguri


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Bukar-Kolo YM, Buba E, Igbokwe IO, Egwu GO. Prevalence of Feline Panleukopenia Virus in Pet and Stray Cats and Associated Risk Factors in Maiduguri, Nigeria. AJVS. 2018; 59(1): 92-96. doi:10.5455/ajvs.282457


Web Style

Bukar-Kolo YM, Buba E, Igbokwe IO, Egwu GO. Prevalence of Feline Panleukopenia Virus in Pet and Stray Cats and Associated Risk Factors in Maiduguri, Nigeria. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=282457 [Access: February 08, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.282457


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bukar-Kolo YM, Buba E, Igbokwe IO, Egwu GO. Prevalence of Feline Panleukopenia Virus in Pet and Stray Cats and Associated Risk Factors in Maiduguri, Nigeria. AJVS. 2018; 59(1): 92-96. doi:10.5455/ajvs.282457



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bukar-Kolo YM, Buba E, Igbokwe IO, Egwu GO. Prevalence of Feline Panleukopenia Virus in Pet and Stray Cats and Associated Risk Factors in Maiduguri, Nigeria. AJVS. (2018), [cited February 08, 2020]; 59(1): 92-96. doi:10.5455/ajvs.282457



Harvard Style

Bukar-Kolo, Y. M., Buba, . E., Igbokwe, . I. O. & Egwu, . G. O. (2018) Prevalence of Feline Panleukopenia Virus in Pet and Stray Cats and Associated Risk Factors in Maiduguri, Nigeria. AJVS, 59 (1), 92-96. doi:10.5455/ajvs.282457



Turabian Style

Bukar-Kolo, Yachilla M., Elizabeth Buba, Ikechukwu O. Igbokwe, and Godwin O. Egwu. 2018. Prevalence of Feline Panleukopenia Virus in Pet and Stray Cats and Associated Risk Factors in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 59 (1), 92-96. doi:10.5455/ajvs.282457



Chicago Style

Bukar-Kolo, Yachilla M., Elizabeth Buba, Ikechukwu O. Igbokwe, and Godwin O. Egwu. "Prevalence of Feline Panleukopenia Virus in Pet and Stray Cats and Associated Risk Factors in Maiduguri, Nigeria." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 59 (2018), 92-96. doi:10.5455/ajvs.282457



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bukar-Kolo, Yachilla M., Elizabeth Buba, Ikechukwu O. Igbokwe, and Godwin O. Egwu. "Prevalence of Feline Panleukopenia Virus in Pet and Stray Cats and Associated Risk Factors in Maiduguri, Nigeria." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 59.1 (2018), 92-96. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.282457



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bukar-Kolo, Y. M., Buba, . E., Igbokwe, . I. O. & Egwu, . G. O. (2018) Prevalence of Feline Panleukopenia Virus in Pet and Stray Cats and Associated Risk Factors in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 59 (1), 92-96. doi:10.5455/ajvs.282457





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