E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Transcutaneous Abdominal Ultrasound in African Giant Rat (Cricetomys gambianus)

Adebayo K. Akinloye, Lawal Maruf, Makinde Oludele Ayobami, Sanni Jesudunni Lois, Ajadi R. Adetola.

Abstract
Transcutaneous abdominal ultrasound was performed in six adult African Giant Rats (AGR) of both sexes (3 males and 3 females) with mean weight of 825.0 166.0g. Prior to imaging, they were anaesthetized with intra-peritoneal injections of 5mg.kg of 2% Xylazine Hydrochloride and 10mg/kg of 5% Ketamine hydrochloride to facilitate proper restraint. Each rat was examined sonographically using portable ultrasound machine with a 10.0 MHz linear transducer. Measurements such as Dorso-ventral Length of the liver (DVL), Cranio-caudal Length of the liver (CCL), Gall Bladder Long axis (GBLA) and Gall Bladder Short Axis (GBSA) were determined sonographically. Other measurements taken are Stomach Diameter (SD), Stomach Wall Thickness (SWT), Intestinal Wall Thickness (IWT), Right Kidney Long Axis (RKLA), Right Kidney Short Axis (RKSA), Left Kidney Long Axis (LKLA) and Left Kidney Short Axis (LKSA), Uterine Wall Thickness (UWT) and Uterine Diameter (UD). Result showed that the liver of AGR is moderately echogenic and is hypoechoic relatively to the renal capsule. The hepatic vessels appear as anaechoic strands coursing through the liver, while the gall bladder is anaechoic. The stomach is multilayered with the lumen somewhat hyperechoic. The caecum is large and the lumen contains hyperechoic material. Other segments of the intestine were difficult to identify. The kidneys are oval in shape with homogenously gray hyperechoic cortex, while the medulla is hypoechoic. The ovaries of AGR are not visualized with the ultrasound machine. The uterine serosa and endometrium are hyperechoic, the lumen is somewhat hypoechoic. This is the first study describing the sonographic features of major abdominal structures in the AGR. Result of this study can serve as baseline data for further ultrasound studies of the abdomen in domestic and wild rodents

Key words: Abdomen, Ultrasound, African Giant rats, Cricetomys gambianus


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Akinloye AK, Maruf L, Ayobami MO, Lois SJ, Adetola AR. Transcutaneous Abdominal Ultrasound in African Giant Rat (Cricetomys gambianus). AJVS. 2018; 58(1): 85-90. doi:10.5455/ajvs.297805


Web Style

Akinloye AK, Maruf L, Ayobami MO, Lois SJ, Adetola AR. Transcutaneous Abdominal Ultrasound in African Giant Rat (Cricetomys gambianus). http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=297805 [Access: May 25, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.297805


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Akinloye AK, Maruf L, Ayobami MO, Lois SJ, Adetola AR. Transcutaneous Abdominal Ultrasound in African Giant Rat (Cricetomys gambianus). AJVS. 2018; 58(1): 85-90. doi:10.5455/ajvs.297805



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Akinloye AK, Maruf L, Ayobami MO, Lois SJ, Adetola AR. Transcutaneous Abdominal Ultrasound in African Giant Rat (Cricetomys gambianus). AJVS. (2018), [cited May 25, 2019]; 58(1): 85-90. doi:10.5455/ajvs.297805



Harvard Style

Akinloye, A. K., Maruf, . L., Ayobami, . M. O., Lois, . S. J. & Adetola, . A. R. (2018) Transcutaneous Abdominal Ultrasound in African Giant Rat (Cricetomys gambianus). AJVS, 58 (1), 85-90. doi:10.5455/ajvs.297805



Turabian Style

Akinloye, Adebayo K., Lawal Maruf, Makinde Oludele Ayobami, Sanni Jesudunni Lois, and Ajadi R. Adetola. 2018. Transcutaneous Abdominal Ultrasound in African Giant Rat (Cricetomys gambianus). Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 58 (1), 85-90. doi:10.5455/ajvs.297805



Chicago Style

Akinloye, Adebayo K., Lawal Maruf, Makinde Oludele Ayobami, Sanni Jesudunni Lois, and Ajadi R. Adetola. "Transcutaneous Abdominal Ultrasound in African Giant Rat (Cricetomys gambianus)." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 58 (2018), 85-90. doi:10.5455/ajvs.297805



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Akinloye, Adebayo K., Lawal Maruf, Makinde Oludele Ayobami, Sanni Jesudunni Lois, and Ajadi R. Adetola. "Transcutaneous Abdominal Ultrasound in African Giant Rat (Cricetomys gambianus)." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 58.1 (2018), 85-90. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.297805



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Akinloye, A. K., Maruf, . L., Ayobami, . M. O., Lois, . S. J. & Adetola, . A. R. (2018) Transcutaneous Abdominal Ultrasound in African Giant Rat (Cricetomys gambianus). Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 58 (1), 85-90. doi:10.5455/ajvs.297805





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