E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Occurrence of Ivermectin Residues in Egyptian Retail Market Milk and the Effect of Some Processing Treatments on Reduction of its Concentration

Asem M. Zakaria, Ragab H. Mohamed, R.H., Rabee A. Ombarak.

Abstract
Ivermectin (IVM) is a broad-spectrum antiparasitic drug widely used in the veterinary field. Its use in food-producing animals may cause accumulation of its residues into the animal tissues that find their way into the food products, such as milk, and poses a health hazard to the consumer. In this study, a total of 60 samples of raw milk intended for human consumption, collected from retail markets in Menoufia Governorate Egypt, were screened for the presence of IVM residues by high-performance liquid chromatography. The results showed that 18.3% (11/60) of the examined Raw milk samples were contaminated with IVM residues with variable concentrations. Contaminated samples were exposed to some technological processes as boiling, fermentation, and skimming in a trial to reduce IVM residues concentration. Among these technological processes, skimming was found to have a significant effect on the reduction of IVM residues concentration. Monitoring of IVM residues in milk by accurate methods such as HPLC is required to safeguard milk consumers.

Key words: Ivermectin residues, raw milk, heat treatment, fermentation, skimming


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Zakaria AM, Mohamed RH, R.H. , Ombarak RA. Occurrence of Ivermectin Residues in Egyptian Retail Market Milk and the Effect of Some Processing Treatments on Reduction of its Concentration. doi:10.5455/ajvs.70210


Web Style

Zakaria AM, Mohamed RH, R.H. , Ombarak RA. Occurrence of Ivermectin Residues in Egyptian Retail Market Milk and the Effect of Some Processing Treatments on Reduction of its Concentration. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=70210 [Access: December 10, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.70210


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zakaria AM, Mohamed RH, R.H. , Ombarak RA. Occurrence of Ivermectin Residues in Egyptian Retail Market Milk and the Effect of Some Processing Treatments on Reduction of its Concentration. doi:10.5455/ajvs.70210



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zakaria AM, Mohamed RH, R.H. , Ombarak RA. Occurrence of Ivermectin Residues in Egyptian Retail Market Milk and the Effect of Some Processing Treatments on Reduction of its Concentration. doi:10.5455/ajvs.70210



Harvard Style

Zakaria, A. M., Mohamed, . R. H., R.H., . & Ombarak, . R. A. (2019) Occurrence of Ivermectin Residues in Egyptian Retail Market Milk and the Effect of Some Processing Treatments on Reduction of its Concentration. doi:10.5455/ajvs.70210



Turabian Style

Zakaria, Asem M., Ragab H. Mohamed, R.H., and Rabee A. Ombarak. 2019. Occurrence of Ivermectin Residues in Egyptian Retail Market Milk and the Effect of Some Processing Treatments on Reduction of its Concentration. doi:10.5455/ajvs.70210



Chicago Style

Zakaria, Asem M., Ragab H. Mohamed, R.H., and Rabee A. Ombarak. "Occurrence of Ivermectin Residues in Egyptian Retail Market Milk and the Effect of Some Processing Treatments on Reduction of its Concentration." doi:10.5455/ajvs.70210



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zakaria, Asem M., Ragab H. Mohamed, R.H., and Rabee A. Ombarak. "Occurrence of Ivermectin Residues in Egyptian Retail Market Milk and the Effect of Some Processing Treatments on Reduction of its Concentration." doi:10.5455/ajvs.70210



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zakaria, A. M., Mohamed, . R. H., R.H., . & Ombarak, . R. A. (2019) Occurrence of Ivermectin Residues in Egyptian Retail Market Milk and the Effect of Some Processing Treatments on Reduction of its Concentration. doi:10.5455/ajvs.70210





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