E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Article 


Detection of Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies in Nigerian Free-range Chickens using Indirect FluorescentAntibody Test (IFAT)

Adekunle B. Ayinmode, Ruth Jones-Akinbobola.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
The detection of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in free-range chickens (FRC) has become a method for monitoring soil contamination with T. gondii oocysts shed in cat faeces. Although several methods have been employed for T. gondii antibody detection in chicken sera, limited information is available on the use of indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) for this purpose. This study was conducted to determine the occurrence of IgG antibodies to T. gondii in the sera of 241 FRC randomly obtained from 10 local government areas (LGAs) of Oyo state, southwestern Nigeria using IFAT. Antibodies specific for T. gondii were detected in 26 (10.8%) sera with titre of 1:25 in 26 samples, and 1:50 in 5 samples. Seropositive FRC were detected in all 10 LGAs of Oyo State. There was no significant association between T. gondii seroprevalence and age, gender or source of the FRC. The results of the present study show that the IFAT is valuable in detecting antibodies to T. gondii in FRC sera and that infection of these chickens with T. gondii is widespread in the study area. Adequate precautions should be taken during preparation of FRC from the study area for food, as they could serve as potential source of infection for humans.

Key words: Free-range chickens; Toxoplasma gondii, IFAT; Nigeria; Serology


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

Epidemiologic significance of Toxoplasma gondii infections in chickens (Gallus domesticus): the past decade
Parasitology 2020; 147(12): 1263.

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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Adekunle B. Ayinmode, Ruth Jones-Akinbobola. Detection of Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies in Nigerian Free-range Chickens using Indirect FluorescentAntibody Test (IFAT). AJVS. 2015; 47(1): 187-190. doi:10.5455/ajvs.201626


Web Style

Adekunle B. Ayinmode, Ruth Jones-Akinbobola. Detection of Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies in Nigerian Free-range Chickens using Indirect FluorescentAntibody Test (IFAT). http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=201626 [Access: August 17, 2021]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.201626


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Adekunle B. Ayinmode, Ruth Jones-Akinbobola. Detection of Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies in Nigerian Free-range Chickens using Indirect FluorescentAntibody Test (IFAT). AJVS. 2015; 47(1): 187-190. doi:10.5455/ajvs.201626



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Adekunle B. Ayinmode, Ruth Jones-Akinbobola. Detection of Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies in Nigerian Free-range Chickens using Indirect FluorescentAntibody Test (IFAT). AJVS. (2015), [cited August 17, 2021]; 47(1): 187-190. doi:10.5455/ajvs.201626



Harvard Style

Adekunle B. Ayinmode, Ruth Jones-Akinbobola (2015) Detection of Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies in Nigerian Free-range Chickens using Indirect FluorescentAntibody Test (IFAT). AJVS, 47 (1), 187-190. doi:10.5455/ajvs.201626



Turabian Style

Adekunle B. Ayinmode, Ruth Jones-Akinbobola. 2015. Detection of Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies in Nigerian Free-range Chickens using Indirect FluorescentAntibody Test (IFAT). Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 47 (1), 187-190. doi:10.5455/ajvs.201626



Chicago Style

Adekunle B. Ayinmode, Ruth Jones-Akinbobola. "Detection of Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies in Nigerian Free-range Chickens using Indirect FluorescentAntibody Test (IFAT)." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 47 (2015), 187-190. doi:10.5455/ajvs.201626



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Adekunle B. Ayinmode, Ruth Jones-Akinbobola. "Detection of Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies in Nigerian Free-range Chickens using Indirect FluorescentAntibody Test (IFAT)." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 47.1 (2015), 187-190. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.201626



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Adekunle B. Ayinmode, Ruth Jones-Akinbobola (2015) Detection of Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies in Nigerian Free-range Chickens using Indirect FluorescentAntibody Test (IFAT). Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 47 (1), 187-190. doi:10.5455/ajvs.201626





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