E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Article 


The Growth Promoting and Immuno-Stimulant Effects of Nano Zinc Oxide of Broiler Chicks

Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy, Amal A. Awad, Abdel-wahed.A.Mashalla.

Abstract
The current study was conducted to study the effects of dietary zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) supplementation on broiler’s performance, immune response, some hematological, biochemical and histopathological changes. A total of 100 one-day-old Ross (308) broiler chicks were randomly divided into two dietary treatments (50 chicks per each) the first group fed on the basal diet without any supplement, the second group chicks treated with 20mg ZnONPs /kg diet. The chicks received the treatment daily for 37 successive days. The obtained results clarified that ZnONPs supplementation significantly (P<0.05) improved final body weight, weight gain and average FCR throughout the whole experimental period by about 5.5%, 5.6% and 3.5% respectively and increased PCV values, Hb content, WBCs count, serum total protein, serum albumin and globulin concentrations while, reduced serum cholesterol and triglycerides levels at 3rd and 5th weeks of age compared to control. Moreover, it was indicated that ZnONPs supplementation increased (PË‚0.05) phagocytic activity by about 36.5% and exhibited significantly higher bursa and thymus gland relative weights at 3rd or 5th weeks of broiler chickens age compared to the control. Intestinal villi of the treated group showed significant improvement in length, width, goblet cell number and crypt depth in comparison with the control group at 3 and 5 weeks of the experiment. Liver, kidney and spleen of treated chicks showed normal histological structures the same as the control chicks. In conclusion, the dietary inclusion of ZnONPs improved the growth, performance and immune response in broiler chicks. So, we recommended its use in poultry farms as its growth promoting and immuno-stimulant effects.

Key words: Broilers, zinc oxide nanoparticles, growth performance, immune response, serum biochemical and histopathology.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

El-Sawy AEF, El-Maddawy ZK, Awad AA, Abdel-wahed.A.Mashalla . The Growth Promoting and Immuno-Stimulant Effects of Nano Zinc Oxide of Broiler Chicks. AJVS. 2021; 69(2): 16-28. doi:10.5455/ajvs.63645


Web Style

El-Sawy AEF, El-Maddawy ZK, Awad AA, Abdel-wahed.A.Mashalla . The Growth Promoting and Immuno-Stimulant Effects of Nano Zinc Oxide of Broiler Chicks. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=63645 [Access: August 17, 2021]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.63645


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

El-Sawy AEF, El-Maddawy ZK, Awad AA, Abdel-wahed.A.Mashalla . The Growth Promoting and Immuno-Stimulant Effects of Nano Zinc Oxide of Broiler Chicks. AJVS. 2021; 69(2): 16-28. doi:10.5455/ajvs.63645



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

El-Sawy AEF, El-Maddawy ZK, Awad AA, Abdel-wahed.A.Mashalla . The Growth Promoting and Immuno-Stimulant Effects of Nano Zinc Oxide of Broiler Chicks. AJVS. (2021), [cited August 17, 2021]; 69(2): 16-28. doi:10.5455/ajvs.63645



Harvard Style

El-Sawy, A. E. F., El-Maddawy, . Z. K., Awad, . A. A. & Abdel-wahed.A.Mashalla, . (2021) The Growth Promoting and Immuno-Stimulant Effects of Nano Zinc Oxide of Broiler Chicks. AJVS, 69 (2), 16-28. doi:10.5455/ajvs.63645



Turabian Style

El-Sawy, Abd El-Salam F., Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy, Amal A. Awad, and Abdel-wahed.A.Mashalla. 2021. The Growth Promoting and Immuno-Stimulant Effects of Nano Zinc Oxide of Broiler Chicks. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 69 (2), 16-28. doi:10.5455/ajvs.63645



Chicago Style

El-Sawy, Abd El-Salam F., Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy, Amal A. Awad, and Abdel-wahed.A.Mashalla. "The Growth Promoting and Immuno-Stimulant Effects of Nano Zinc Oxide of Broiler Chicks." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 69 (2021), 16-28. doi:10.5455/ajvs.63645



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

El-Sawy, Abd El-Salam F., Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy, Amal A. Awad, and Abdel-wahed.A.Mashalla. "The Growth Promoting and Immuno-Stimulant Effects of Nano Zinc Oxide of Broiler Chicks." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 69.2 (2021), 16-28. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.63645



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

El-Sawy, A. E. F., El-Maddawy, . Z. K., Awad, . A. A. & Abdel-wahed.A.Mashalla, . (2021) The Growth Promoting and Immuno-Stimulant Effects of Nano Zinc Oxide of Broiler Chicks. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 69 (2), 16-28. doi:10.5455/ajvs.63645





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