E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Effect of mixed experimental infection with Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale and Mycoplasma gallisepticum in broiler chickens

Hany F. Ellakany, Hatem S. Abd El-Hamid, Ahmed A. Bekhit, Ahmed R. Elbestawy, Abou-Ellif A.S., Ahmed R.Gado.

Abstract
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale (ORT) and Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) are bacterial causes of respiratory diseases in chickens. The objective of this work was to investigate the possible interaction between ORT and MG in respiratory problem of broiler chickens. The experimental study confirmed that ORT infection alone could induced respiratory signs as (rales, nasal discharge), post mortem lesions (unilateral and bilateral pneumonia) and histopathological changes in tracheas, lungs and air sacs. Moreover, co-infection of ORT with MG induced severe respiratory signs like pneumonia, edema and severe inflammatory cell infilteration in lungs and air sacs than that observed in chickens infected with ORT or MG alone. ORT and MG were successfully detected by PCR from tracheal swabs at 3, 7 and 14 days post infection. The results showed the synergistic effect of mixed infection of ORT and MG in broiler chickens regarding clinical signs, PM lesions, mortality rate, body weight, re-isolation and histopathological examination.

Key words: Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale, Mycoplasma gallisepticum, PCR, Broiler chickens.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ellakany HF, El-Hamid HSA, Bekhit AA, Elbestawy AR, A.S. A, R.Gado A. Effect of mixed experimental infection with Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale and Mycoplasma gallisepticum in broiler chickens. AJVS. 2019; 61(1): 168-178. doi:10.5455/ajvs.297431


Web Style

Ellakany HF, El-Hamid HSA, Bekhit AA, Elbestawy AR, A.S. A, R.Gado A. Effect of mixed experimental infection with Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale and Mycoplasma gallisepticum in broiler chickens. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=297431 [Access: December 14, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.297431


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ellakany HF, El-Hamid HSA, Bekhit AA, Elbestawy AR, A.S. A, R.Gado A. Effect of mixed experimental infection with Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale and Mycoplasma gallisepticum in broiler chickens. AJVS. 2019; 61(1): 168-178. doi:10.5455/ajvs.297431



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ellakany HF, El-Hamid HSA, Bekhit AA, Elbestawy AR, A.S. A, R.Gado A. Effect of mixed experimental infection with Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale and Mycoplasma gallisepticum in broiler chickens. AJVS. (2019), [cited December 14, 2019]; 61(1): 168-178. doi:10.5455/ajvs.297431



Harvard Style

Ellakany, H. F., El-Hamid, . H. S. A., Bekhit, . A. A., Elbestawy, . A. R., A.S., . A. & R.Gado, . A. (2019) Effect of mixed experimental infection with Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale and Mycoplasma gallisepticum in broiler chickens. AJVS, 61 (1), 168-178. doi:10.5455/ajvs.297431



Turabian Style

Ellakany, Hany F., Hatem S. Abd El-Hamid, Ahmed A. Bekhit, Ahmed R. Elbestawy, Abou-Ellif A.S., and Ahmed R.Gado. 2019. Effect of mixed experimental infection with Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale and Mycoplasma gallisepticum in broiler chickens. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 61 (1), 168-178. doi:10.5455/ajvs.297431



Chicago Style

Ellakany, Hany F., Hatem S. Abd El-Hamid, Ahmed A. Bekhit, Ahmed R. Elbestawy, Abou-Ellif A.S., and Ahmed R.Gado. "Effect of mixed experimental infection with Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale and Mycoplasma gallisepticum in broiler chickens." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 61 (2019), 168-178. doi:10.5455/ajvs.297431



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ellakany, Hany F., Hatem S. Abd El-Hamid, Ahmed A. Bekhit, Ahmed R. Elbestawy, Abou-Ellif A.S., and Ahmed R.Gado. "Effect of mixed experimental infection with Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale and Mycoplasma gallisepticum in broiler chickens." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 61.1 (2019), 168-178. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.297431



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ellakany, H. F., El-Hamid, . H. S. A., Bekhit, . A. A., Elbestawy, . A. R., A.S., . A. & R.Gado, . A. (2019) Effect of mixed experimental infection with Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale and Mycoplasma gallisepticum in broiler chickens. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 61 (1), 168-178. doi:10.5455/ajvs.297431





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