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Case Report 


Clinico-Pathological Findings, Diagnosis and Management of an Outbreak of Peste des Petis Ruminants in A Goats’ Flock in Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria

Sunday C. Olaogun, John O. Abiola, Osereime Adah, Rahamon A. Adedokun, Tolulope O. Ososanya.

Abstract
An outbreak of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) among recently vaccinated West African Dwarf male goats (buck) was investigated and managed at the Teaching and Research Farm University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. The average age of the animals was ranged between 1½- 2years old. The morbidity rate of 87% and mortality rate of 28% was recorded on the flock, giving a case fatality rate of 32%. Sneezing, coughing, anorexia, mucopurulent nasal discharges, dyspnea and diarrhea with pungent characteristic odor were observed clinically. Clinical examination of clinically infected animals on the average revealed the followings: Temperature: 40.5°C, Heart rate: 76 beats per min, Respiratory rate: 44 breathes per min. 13 mortalities were recorded within a week post vaccination. Post mortem findings revealed mucopurulent oculonasal discharges, crust on the lips, erosive lesions on the gums, fecal soiled perineum, frothy mucoid tracheal fluid, copious hydroperitoneum, hyperemia, congestion and lungs hepatization with large intestine seemed congested. A rapid diagnostic kit for goat Peste des Petits Ruminants Virus Antibody was used to detect the positivity and correlated antibody titer in four of the goats; two from the apparently healthy group and two from the group still manifesting the clinical symptoms. Results of the two apparently healthy revealed some positivity which correlated to 1:160 antibody titer while the two animals from the group showing clinical signs revealed complete invalidation. Clinically infected animals were isolated and treated symptomatically for five consecutive days with Tylosin, Sulphadimidine and Multivitamins at recommended dosages
To the best of the authors knowledge, this case will be the first confirmed PPR outbreak among West African Dwarf goats linked with vaccination using PPR rapid diagnostic kit outcome combined with clinico-pathological findings in the South-Western Nigeria.

Key words: PPR, West African Dwarf Goats, postmortem findings, PPR rapid diagnostic kit, Nigeria.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Olaogun SC, Abiola JO, Adah O, Adedokun RA, Ososanya TO. Clinico-Pathological Findings, Diagnosis and Management of an Outbreak of Peste des Petis Ruminants in A Goats’ Flock in Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria. AJVS. 2022; 74(1): 116-124. doi:10.5455/ajvs.105484


Web Style

Olaogun SC, Abiola JO, Adah O, Adedokun RA, Ososanya TO. Clinico-Pathological Findings, Diagnosis and Management of an Outbreak of Peste des Petis Ruminants in A Goats’ Flock in Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria. https://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=105484 [Access: September 01, 2022]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.105484


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Olaogun SC, Abiola JO, Adah O, Adedokun RA, Ososanya TO. Clinico-Pathological Findings, Diagnosis and Management of an Outbreak of Peste des Petis Ruminants in A Goats’ Flock in Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria. AJVS. 2022; 74(1): 116-124. doi:10.5455/ajvs.105484



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Olaogun SC, Abiola JO, Adah O, Adedokun RA, Ososanya TO. Clinico-Pathological Findings, Diagnosis and Management of an Outbreak of Peste des Petis Ruminants in A Goats’ Flock in Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria. AJVS. (2022), [cited September 01, 2022]; 74(1): 116-124. doi:10.5455/ajvs.105484



Harvard Style

Olaogun, S. C., Abiola, . J. O., Adah, . O., Adedokun, . R. A. & Ososanya, . T. O. (2022) Clinico-Pathological Findings, Diagnosis and Management of an Outbreak of Peste des Petis Ruminants in A Goats’ Flock in Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria. AJVS, 74 (1), 116-124. doi:10.5455/ajvs.105484



Turabian Style

Olaogun, Sunday C., John O. Abiola, Osereime Adah, Rahamon A. Adedokun, and Tolulope O. Ososanya. 2022. Clinico-Pathological Findings, Diagnosis and Management of an Outbreak of Peste des Petis Ruminants in A Goats’ Flock in Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 74 (1), 116-124. doi:10.5455/ajvs.105484



Chicago Style

Olaogun, Sunday C., John O. Abiola, Osereime Adah, Rahamon A. Adedokun, and Tolulope O. Ososanya. "Clinico-Pathological Findings, Diagnosis and Management of an Outbreak of Peste des Petis Ruminants in A Goats’ Flock in Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 74 (2022), 116-124. doi:10.5455/ajvs.105484



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Olaogun, Sunday C., John O. Abiola, Osereime Adah, Rahamon A. Adedokun, and Tolulope O. Ososanya. "Clinico-Pathological Findings, Diagnosis and Management of an Outbreak of Peste des Petis Ruminants in A Goats’ Flock in Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 74.1 (2022), 116-124. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.105484



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Olaogun, S. C., Abiola, . J. O., Adah, . O., Adedokun, . R. A. & Ososanya, . T. O. (2022) Clinico-Pathological Findings, Diagnosis and Management of an Outbreak of Peste des Petis Ruminants in A Goats’ Flock in Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 74 (1), 116-124. doi:10.5455/ajvs.105484





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