E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Article 


Haematological and Serum Biochemical Parameters in naturally occurring cases of Bovine Trypanosomosis in North Central Nigeria

Muhammad B. Aliyu, Sackey A.K. Bedu, Nma B. Alhaji, Haruna A. Evuti, Allam Lushakyaa.

Abstract
This study aimed to evaluate the Haematological and Serum biochemical changes in cattle with natural trypanosomosis in North Central Nigeria. Cattle were drawn from cases reported to the State Veterinary Hospital Minna and Area Veterinary Clinics in selected Local Government Areas (LGAs) with health problems suggestive of trypanosomosis. A total of 343 cattle were sampled of which 45 (13%) were infected with species of trypanosomes. Trypanosoma (T) vivax (5.5%), T. congolense (5.5%), and T. brucei (2.0%) were detected in the infected animals. Haematological and serum biochemical parameters of the infected and the uninfected were measured and compared. The mean PCV (23.27±6.82%), platelet (93.23±42.02 x103μl), and total leukocyte counts (4.40 ±1.64x103μl) of infected cattle were significantly lower than those of the uninfected (32.47±8.35%, 209.67±55.75 x103μl, and 8.14±3.34 x103μl). Lymphocyte counts (64.64±12.19%) were significantly higher in the infected cattle compared to the uninfected (58.19±15.29%). The mean neutrophil count (32.62±12.25%) of the infected cattle was significantly lower than the uninfected (39.46±15.05%). The biochemical parameters also differed significantly (P<0.05) between the infected and the uninfected. The mean ALT (34.62±20.57IU/L), ALP (105.48±37.97IU/L), CK (265.71±21.25IU/L) of the infected cattle were significantly higher than the uninfected (16.60±3.73 IU/L, 65.60±18.90 IU/L, and 254.12±11.32IU/L) respectively. The mean total proteins (51.50±18.28mg/dL) and glucose (31.94±13.68mg/dL) of the infected were significantly lower than the uninfected (77.20±14.46 mg/dL, 46.80±13.59 mg/dL) respectively. Albumin (24.84±8.31 mg/dl) and globulins (29.34±15.31 mg/dl) of the infected cattle were significantly lower than the uninfected (27.60±6.73 mg/dL and 49.80±15.05 mg/dL) respectively. Similarly, the mean sodium (111.82±28.84 mg/dL), chloride (91.76±25.59 mg/dL) and bicarbonates (17.46±6.76 mg/dL) levels of the infected cattle were significantly lower than the uninfected (127.8034.95 mg/dL, 98.6019.48 mg/dL, and 20.6012.58 mg/dL) respectively. The levels of calcium (2.98±0.84mg/dL), iron (1.55±0.60 mg/dL), copper (0.49±0.36 mg/dL) and zinc (2.08±1.42mg/dL) were significantly lower in infected cattle compare to uninfected animals (4.16±0.54 mg/dL, 4.45±2.07mg/dL, 0.81±0.08 mg/dL, and 7.88±2.52 mg/dL) respectively. The findings of this study will assist clinicians in the diagnosis and provide rationale clinical decisions for better and effective disease control.

Key words: Trypanosomosis, Anemia, Leucopaenia, Lymphocytosis, Biochemical parameters; Serum enzymes; Serum Biomolecules; Serum minerals.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Aliyu MB, Bedu SA, Alhaji NB, Evuti HA, Lushakyaa A. Haematological and Serum Biochemical Parameters in naturally occurring cases of Bovine Trypanosomosis in North Central Nigeria. AJVS. 2022; 74(1): 125-135. doi:10.5455/ajvs.2597


Web Style

Aliyu MB, Bedu SA, Alhaji NB, Evuti HA, Lushakyaa A. Haematological and Serum Biochemical Parameters in naturally occurring cases of Bovine Trypanosomosis in North Central Nigeria. https://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=2597 [Access: September 02, 2022]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.2597


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Aliyu MB, Bedu SA, Alhaji NB, Evuti HA, Lushakyaa A. Haematological and Serum Biochemical Parameters in naturally occurring cases of Bovine Trypanosomosis in North Central Nigeria. AJVS. 2022; 74(1): 125-135. doi:10.5455/ajvs.2597



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Aliyu MB, Bedu SA, Alhaji NB, Evuti HA, Lushakyaa A. Haematological and Serum Biochemical Parameters in naturally occurring cases of Bovine Trypanosomosis in North Central Nigeria. AJVS. (2022), [cited September 02, 2022]; 74(1): 125-135. doi:10.5455/ajvs.2597



Harvard Style

Aliyu, M. B., Bedu, . S. A., Alhaji, . N. B., Evuti, . H. A. & Lushakyaa, . A. (2022) Haematological and Serum Biochemical Parameters in naturally occurring cases of Bovine Trypanosomosis in North Central Nigeria. AJVS, 74 (1), 125-135. doi:10.5455/ajvs.2597



Turabian Style

Aliyu, Muhammad B., Sackey A.K. Bedu, Nma B. Alhaji, Haruna A. Evuti, and Allam Lushakyaa. 2022. Haematological and Serum Biochemical Parameters in naturally occurring cases of Bovine Trypanosomosis in North Central Nigeria. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 74 (1), 125-135. doi:10.5455/ajvs.2597



Chicago Style

Aliyu, Muhammad B., Sackey A.K. Bedu, Nma B. Alhaji, Haruna A. Evuti, and Allam Lushakyaa. "Haematological and Serum Biochemical Parameters in naturally occurring cases of Bovine Trypanosomosis in North Central Nigeria." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 74 (2022), 125-135. doi:10.5455/ajvs.2597



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Aliyu, Muhammad B., Sackey A.K. Bedu, Nma B. Alhaji, Haruna A. Evuti, and Allam Lushakyaa. "Haematological and Serum Biochemical Parameters in naturally occurring cases of Bovine Trypanosomosis in North Central Nigeria." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 74.1 (2022), 125-135. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.2597



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Aliyu, M. B., Bedu, . S. A., Alhaji, . N. B., Evuti, . H. A. & Lushakyaa, . A. (2022) Haematological and Serum Biochemical Parameters in naturally occurring cases of Bovine Trypanosomosis in North Central Nigeria. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 74 (1), 125-135. doi:10.5455/ajvs.2597





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