E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Article 


Assessment of Heavy Metals Residues in Milk Powder and Infant Milk Formula Sold in Mansoura City, Egypt

Abdelkhalek A, Elsherbini M, Gunbaej E.E.

Abstract
A total of 75 samples including, 25 samples each of full cream powdered milk, skimmed powdered milk and infant formula collected from Mansoura city, Egypt at the period between April and September 2014 were analyzed for measuring Lead, Chromium and Cadmium levels. Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer could detect Lead, Chromium and Cadmium by means of 0.05±0.01, 2.70±0.34 and 0.09±0.02 mg/Kg in examined full cream powdered milk, 0.03±0.01, 1.98±0.24 and 0.03±0.01 mg/Kg in examined skimmed powdered milk and 0.03±0.01, 3.88±0.34 and 0.04±0.003 mg/Kg in examined infant milk formula, respectively. By comparing the concentration of heavy metals present in analyzed samples to their permissible limits, it was noted that most of tested samples contained heavy metals by levels exceeding maximum permissible limits proposed for them, hence powdered milk and infant milk formula may carry a potential health hazards for humans which needs a rigorous monitoring program to prevent food contamination by these toxic heavy metals and to ensure that their levels did not exceed the legal limits for human consumption.

Key words: heavy metals, powdered milk, infant milk formula, Lead, Chromium,Cadmium


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Abdelkhalek A, Elsherbini M, Gunbaej E.E. Assessment of Heavy Metals Residues in Milk Powder and Infant Milk Formula Sold in Mansoura City, Egypt. AJVS. 2015; 47(1): 71-77. doi:10.5455/ajvs.200728


Web Style

Abdelkhalek A, Elsherbini M, Gunbaej E.E. Assessment of Heavy Metals Residues in Milk Powder and Infant Milk Formula Sold in Mansoura City, Egypt. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=200728 [Access: November 29, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.200728


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abdelkhalek A, Elsherbini M, Gunbaej E.E. Assessment of Heavy Metals Residues in Milk Powder and Infant Milk Formula Sold in Mansoura City, Egypt. AJVS. 2015; 47(1): 71-77. doi:10.5455/ajvs.200728



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abdelkhalek A, Elsherbini M, Gunbaej E.E. Assessment of Heavy Metals Residues in Milk Powder and Infant Milk Formula Sold in Mansoura City, Egypt. AJVS. (2015), [cited November 29, 2020]; 47(1): 71-77. doi:10.5455/ajvs.200728



Harvard Style

Abdelkhalek A, Elsherbini M, Gunbaej E.E (2015) Assessment of Heavy Metals Residues in Milk Powder and Infant Milk Formula Sold in Mansoura City, Egypt. AJVS, 47 (1), 71-77. doi:10.5455/ajvs.200728



Turabian Style

Abdelkhalek A, Elsherbini M, Gunbaej E.E. 2015. Assessment of Heavy Metals Residues in Milk Powder and Infant Milk Formula Sold in Mansoura City, Egypt. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 47 (1), 71-77. doi:10.5455/ajvs.200728



Chicago Style

Abdelkhalek A, Elsherbini M, Gunbaej E.E. "Assessment of Heavy Metals Residues in Milk Powder and Infant Milk Formula Sold in Mansoura City, Egypt." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 47 (2015), 71-77. doi:10.5455/ajvs.200728



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abdelkhalek A, Elsherbini M, Gunbaej E.E. "Assessment of Heavy Metals Residues in Milk Powder and Infant Milk Formula Sold in Mansoura City, Egypt." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 47.1 (2015), 71-77. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.200728



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abdelkhalek A, Elsherbini M, Gunbaej E.E (2015) Assessment of Heavy Metals Residues in Milk Powder and Infant Milk Formula Sold in Mansoura City, Egypt. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 47 (1), 71-77. doi:10.5455/ajvs.200728





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