E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Article 


MULTIMODAL APPROACH TO SURGICAL PAIN MANAGEMENT IN WEANER PIGS – A CLINICAL TRIAL. Running title: Multimodal surgical pain management in piglets

Emmanuella Amope. Olubanke Sogebi , Oludele Ayobami Makinde, Ann Iyabode Cliff , Sulaimon Koleoso, Fakilahyel Mshelbwala , Johnny Olufemi Olukunle.

Abstract
The use of two or more classes of analgesics that act by different modes of action within the pain pathways, leading to additive or, even synergistic analgesia, even synergistic analgesia has been documented as nociceptive information is known to be transmitted tthrough numerous anatomical pathways and by multiple substances. Three patients were scheduled for ovariohysterectomy (OVH), resection and anastomosis and right radical nephrectomy. They received 0.05mgkg-1 1% atropine and 0.01mgkg-1 dexmedetomidine as premedicants; induced and maintained with ketamine 10mgkg-1and 5mgkghr-1 respectively, 200ľgkg-1 butorphanol and 0.03mgkg-1 buprenorphine as analgesics and 5mgkg-1 meloxicam post-operatively . Anaesthestic indices (duration and quality of anaesthesia, analgesia and the quality of induction) were recorded. Physiological variables (heart rate, respiratory rate, pulse rate, peripheral capillary oxygen saturation and rectal temperature) were measured at 0, thereafter at 15 minutes interval post treatment for one hour. Observed parameters were statistically analyzed by using independent sample ‘t’ test. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Quality of induction was fair, anaesthesia lasted for 113.3 ą 5.1 minues, quality of analgesia was very good and recovery time was 2.8 ą 0.2minutes.No significant differences were observed in the heart rate (P=0.55), pulse rate (P=0.71), peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (P=0.50) and rectal temperature (P=0.74); but with a significant difference in the respiratory rate (P=0.03).Anaemia was reported in all three patients.

Key words: Clinical Trial, Multimodal, Surgical Pain Management, Synergy, Piglets


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

EAOS, Makinde OA, AIC, Koleoso S, FM, Olukunle JO, . MULTIMODAL APPROACH TO SURGICAL PAIN MANAGEMENT IN WEANER PIGS – A CLINICAL TRIAL. Running title: Multimodal surgical pain management in piglets.


Web Style

EAOS, Makinde OA, AIC, Koleoso S, FM, Olukunle JO, . MULTIMODAL APPROACH TO SURGICAL PAIN MANAGEMENT IN WEANER PIGS – A CLINICAL TRIAL. Running title: Multimodal surgical pain management in piglets. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=28821 [Access: January 31, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

EAOS, Makinde OA, AIC, Koleoso S, FM, Olukunle JO, . MULTIMODAL APPROACH TO SURGICAL PAIN MANAGEMENT IN WEANER PIGS – A CLINICAL TRIAL. Running title: Multimodal surgical pain management in piglets.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

EAOS, Makinde OA, AIC, Koleoso S, FM, Olukunle JO, . MULTIMODAL APPROACH TO SURGICAL PAIN MANAGEMENT IN WEANER PIGS – A CLINICAL TRIAL. Running title: Multimodal surgical pain management in piglets.



Harvard Style

, E. A. O. S., Makinde, O. A., , A. I. C., Koleoso, S., , F. M., Olukunle, J. O. & (0) MULTIMODAL APPROACH TO SURGICAL PAIN MANAGEMENT IN WEANER PIGS – A CLINICAL TRIAL. Running title: Multimodal surgical pain management in piglets.



Turabian Style

, Emmanuella Amope. Olubanke Sogebi, Oludele Ayobami Makinde, Ann Iyabode Cliff, Sulaimon Koleoso, Fakilahyel Mshelbwala, Johnny Olufemi Olukunle, and . 0. MULTIMODAL APPROACH TO SURGICAL PAIN MANAGEMENT IN WEANER PIGS – A CLINICAL TRIAL. Running title: Multimodal surgical pain management in piglets.



Chicago Style

, Emmanuella Amope. Olubanke Sogebi, Oludele Ayobami Makinde, Ann Iyabode Cliff, Sulaimon Koleoso, Fakilahyel Mshelbwala, Johnny Olufemi Olukunle, and . "MULTIMODAL APPROACH TO SURGICAL PAIN MANAGEMENT IN WEANER PIGS – A CLINICAL TRIAL. Running title: Multimodal surgical pain management in piglets."



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Emmanuella Amope. Olubanke Sogebi, Oludele Ayobami Makinde, Ann Iyabode Cliff, Sulaimon Koleoso, Fakilahyel Mshelbwala, Johnny Olufemi Olukunle, and . "MULTIMODAL APPROACH TO SURGICAL PAIN MANAGEMENT IN WEANER PIGS – A CLINICAL TRIAL. Running title: Multimodal surgical pain management in piglets."



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, E. A. O. S., Makinde, O. A., , A. I. C., Koleoso, S., , F. M., Olukunle, J. O. & (0) MULTIMODAL APPROACH TO SURGICAL PAIN MANAGEMENT IN WEANER PIGS – A CLINICAL TRIAL. Running title: Multimodal surgical pain management in piglets.





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